ENG515 Assignment 1 Spring 2022 – Assignments – Solution VU
Credit: Maha Malik
Teaching of Comprehension reading and Writing Skills (Eng515)
Assignment No. 1
Total Marks: 20
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The font color should be preferably black and font size 12 Times New Roman.
(10 marks) Common difficulties while comprehension reading
Here are some of the more common problems readers face. For each difficulty, I will discuss the symptoms and then list possible solutions.
Losing your place
You can lose your place two different ways: you can lose track of what word you are on at any point, or you can lose track of what line you are on when moving from one line to the next. Losing your place wastes time and can inhibit your comprehension.
Losing your focus
How many times have you been comprehension reading a passage, and realized halfway through that you have no idea what you have just read? Instead of paying attention to the text, you are thinking about what you are going to do later, what some friend said, or why you have to take the stupid SAT. This wastes time and energy, and makes comprehension impossible.
Not getting the point
Even though the words and sentences may make sense, you may not be able to put them together to get the meaning of the passage.
Forgetting what you have read
Just because you don’t have to memorize all of the facts does not mean that you can completely forget everything that you have read. You still need to recall the main ideas of the passages. If you come to the end of the passage and cannot recall what it was about, you need to improve your retention.
Solutions to common comprehension reading problems
There are certain steps you can take to alleviate the damage done by some of the previously mentioned comprehension reading problems. Just knowing about these techniques is not enough; be sure to use and practice them as you read the sample passages.
Remember, cognitive fatigue can lead to all of the aforementioned problems, and to other problems as well. If you do not rest your mind, you will likely get fatigued and it will cost you points.
You can mark your place either by pointing to each word as you read it, or by placing a sheet of paper underneath the line you are comprehension reading. Pointing to each word with a pencil or your finger can help your eye see where it should be comprehension reading. Placing a piece of paper under the line you are comprehension reading can help you to move smoothly from one line to the next.
If you are in your own room, you can actually say each word aloud. If you must remain silent, mumble the words to yourself, or at least mouth the words, and say them in your head. It is important that you actually hear the sounds, even if you only hear them in your imagination. This multisensory approach to comprehension reading allows you to see, hear, and feel (with your mouth) what you are comprehension reading. Comprehension reading aloud should help you stay focused, understand better, and remember what you are comprehension reading.
If you are thinking about what is important enough to write down, you will pay more attention to the comprehension reading. This will keep your mind from wandering, help you process the main point of the passage, and improve the likelihood you will remember things. In addition, the notes you take are a record of the passage that you can refer back to if you do forget elements.
Here are some things you should note:
- The subject and thesis of the passage
- A summary of each paragraph
- Anything important that happens with regard to the subject of the passage
- Anything that is discussed for more than a few sentences in long passages
Notes should be written in the margin next to the relevant text, so you can easily find the portions to which they refer. Notes about the entire passage (the thesis) should be at the bottom of the page. You will lose many of the benefits of note taking if you underline or highlight text instead. Highlighting does not require you to think as clearly about the passage, will not trigger your memory as well, and will force you to rely on the author’s confusing wording.
- Once there were two cats, living together for many
- However, when it came to sharing food, they were inveterate
- Once they were prowling around a human settlement for food they found a big piece of discarded
- No sooner had they seen the cake than they ran towards it to claim a bigger
- In the bid to secure the bigger chunk, they began fighting with each
- The cake lay untouched while they attacked each other with their sharp claws and
- A monkey sat on a tree watching all this drama. Hungry as he was, he scampered down the tree, came up to the cake, grabbed it, and ate it up!
- When the cats saw it, they stopped fighting, it smiled at them and said,
- ‘If you don’t solve your differences amicably, others will definitely take advantage of your ’
- The cats learned a lesson, decided they would never fight with each other!
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